Poetry can be regarded as a universal language the way it affects and attracts almost every single human being. Everybody is bewitched by the charms of poetry at some stage of his life.
Poetry plays an important role in evolution of a particular language, so is the case with Urdu language.
Urdu poetry, as it pleases our souls in its current shape and form, took quite a time to evolve to its current state and stature.
Many a great poets have devoted their lives and tremendous efforts to enrich and exalt the experience that is Urdu poetry; to the level we see it at, today.
Starting from Ameer Khusro, being the first Urdu poet on record to have Urdu poetry to his credit, followed by all time greats like Meer, Dard, Ghalib, Iqbal, and Josh to recent additions like Faiz, Faraz, Mohsin Naqvi, Muneer Niazi, the list of great Urdu poets continue till date with no ending in sight.
Although every single of the poets have something uniquely distinct and marvelous to add diversity and depth to Urdu poetry, a few of them rose above the rest like no match.
Every poets poetry has its own unique style and scope but depending upon the significance of the poetic works Allama Muhammad Iqbals poetry seems to be on the pinnacle amongst all of the prestigious ones.
Some regard Iqbal as the best articulated representation of the modern Muslim figure the Muslim world had to offer during the 20th century.
Being highly educated with a vast exposure to the western philosophy and society to his credit, Allama Iqbals poetry surely adds new dimensions to Urdu poetry in general, presenting the thoughts and ideals of a new modern Muslim that nobody had been and perhaps never will be able to present to the world, but also serving to ignite a flame of religious and communal renaissance that helped in shaping the course of history for the Muslims of the region.
Almost all of his poetry is exceptional but few major milestones of his Urdu poetry are: Shikva , Jawab-e-Shikva, Baang-e-Dara, Zarb-e-Kalim etc.
He not only versed wonders in Urdu but Persian Poetry is also indebted to his masterpiece like Asrar-e-Khudi, Rumuz-e-Bekhudi, Payam-e-Mashrik and a few more.
Although different in its scope and theme than Iqbals, Mirza Asad Ullah Khan Ghalibs poetry has added several new dimensions to Urdu poetry, exalting it beyond the constraints of time and place.
Ghazal genre of Urdu poetry is indebted to him for exalting it to all other forms of poetic expression with his own unique style, so much so that his verses have evolved to be idiomatic phrases over time and people use them frequently in their day to day conversation.
Ghalib also wrote Persian as well as Urdu. It was his Persian poetry that he showed real pride about but over the course of centuries his Urdu poetry has bestowed him a place that has no match to find.
Rightly carrying on the legacy from golden past of Urdu poetry, contemporary poets, most dominantly, Faiz Ahmad Faiz, Ahmad Faraz, Mohsin Naqvi, Muneer Niazi and likes have lead Urdu poetry to unprecedented fame and likelihood amongst masses by adding the dimensions of realism and actuality into their poetry, writing on masses issues along with traditional topic of love and romance, thus making poetry even more of a common mans domain.
It can rightly be concluded that Urdu poetry has played its part in evolution of Urdu as a language and literature, helping it maintain an important place in world literature.